A paper has been prepared for the Department of Environment and Tourism in preparation for the next state of the environment reporting cycle. The paper addresses mine water pollution and the "emerging issues" related to acid mine decant, effluent and treatment.
The report states "Specific water quality problems that are highlighted in the South Africa Environment Outlook Report (DEAT, 2006) include salinity and acidification. Acidification is directly related to mining, while mining is but one contributing factor leading to increased salinity (DEAT, 2006). The effect of mining on the environment includes the release of many chemical contaminants into water resources, environmental damage that can persist for a long after mine closure, and the health and safety of nearby ommunities being compromised"
Download the paper here (124kb) .